People

The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History

The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History is a 1978 book by Michael H. Hart. It is a ranking of the 100 people who most influenced human history. Since publication the book has been hotly debated and its concept widely copied. His criterion was influence. The book was reprinted in 1992 with several notable revisions made to the original list of 100 people and their associated rankings. Chief among these revisions was the demotion of figures associated with Communism, such as Vladimir Lenin and Mao Zedong, and the introduction of Mikhail Gorbachev. Hart took sides in the Shakespearean authorship issue and substituted Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford for William Shakespeare. Hart also substituted Niels Bohr and Henri Becquerel with Ernest Rutherford, thus correcting an error in the first edition. Henry Ford was also promoted from the “Honorary Mentions” list, replacing Pablo Picasso. Finally, some of the rankings were re-ordered, although no one listed in the top ten changed position. What mainly surprised readers was the first person on Hart’s list. Hart decided to choose Muhammad over Jesus or Moses despite the fact that Islam was not the largest religion and that it was from a distant part of the world from where he lived. Hart attributes this to the fact that Muhammad was successful in both the religious and political realms. He also writes that Muhammad’s role in the development of Islam is far more influential than Jesus’s collaboration in the development of Christianity. He attributes the development of Christianity to St. Paul, who played a pivotal role in the dissemination of Christianity. In addition, Hart wrote a ‘sequel’ in 1999, entitled A View From The Year 3000, in which he writes from the perspective of a person from that year ranking the most influential people in history. Roughly half of those entries are fictitious people from 2000-3000, but roughly half are actual people, most of whom are taken from the 1992 edition, though many have been reranked in order.

Here They are:

  1. Prophet Muhammad
  2. Isaac Newton
  3. Prophet Isa
  4. Buddha
  5. Kong Hu-Cu
  6. St. Paul
  7. Ts’ai Lun
  8. Johann Gutenberg
  9. Christopher Columbus
  10. Albert Einstein
  11. Karl Marx
  12. Louis Pasteur
  13. Galileo Galilei
  14. Aristoteles
  15. Lenin
  16. Prophet Musa
  17. Charles Darwin
  18. Shih Huang Ti
  19. Augustus Caesar
  20. Mao Tse-Tung
  21. Seratus Tokoh Paling Berpengaruh Dalam Sejarah
    Seratus Tokoh Paling Berpengaruh Dalam Sejarah
  22. Euslid
  23. Martin Luther
  24. Nicolaus Copernicus
  25. James Watt
  26. Constantine Yang Agung
  27. George Washington
  28. Michael Faraday
  29. James Clerk Maxwell
  30. Orville Wright & Wilbur Wright
  31. Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
  32. Sigmund Freud
  33. Alexander Yang Agung
  34. Napoleon Bonaparte
  35. Adolf Hitler
  36. William Shakespeare
  37. Adam Smith
  38. Thomas Edison
  39. Antony Van Leeuwenhoek
  40. Plato
  41. Guglielmo Marconi
  42. Ludwig Van Beethoven
  43. Werner Heisenberg
  44. Alexander Graham Bell
  45. Alexander Fleming
  46. Simon Bolivar
  47. Oliver Cromwell
  48. John Locke
  49. Michaelangelo
  50. Pope Urban II
  51. Umar Ibn Al-Khattab
  52. Asoka
  53. St. Augustine
  54. Max Planck
  55. John Calvin
  56. William T. G. Morton
  57. William Harvey
  58. Antoine Henri Becquerel
  59. Gregor Mandel
  60. Joseph Lister
  61. Nikolaus August Otto
  62. Louis Daguerre
  63. Joseph Stalin
  64. Rene Descartes
  65. Julius Caesar
  66. Francisco Pizarro
  67. Hernando Cortes
  68. Ratu Isabella I
  69. William Sang Penakluk
  70. Thomas Jefferson
  71. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  72. Edward Jenner
  73. Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen
  74. Johann Sebastian Bach
  75. Lao Tse
  76. Enrico Fermi
  77. Thomas Malthus
  78. Francis Bacon
  79. Volataire
  80. John F. Kennedy
  81. Gregory Pincus
  82. Sui Wen Ti
  83. Mani
  84. Vasco Da Gama
  85. Charlemagne
  86. Cyrus Yang AGung
  87. Leonhard Euler
  88. Niccolo Machiavelli
  89. Zoroaster
  90. Menes
  91. Peter Yang Agung
  92. Meng-Tse (Mencius)
  93. John Dalton
  94. Homer
  95. Ratu Elizabeth I
  96. Justinian I
  97. Johannes Kepler
  98. Pablo Picasso
  99. Mahavira
  100. Niels Bohr

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